Root Canal Treatment
Root Canal Treatment or Endodontic management is done to repair and save a badly damaged or infected tooth.
The procedure involves removing the dental pulp of the damaged tooth, cleaning, and disinfecting the tooth followed by filling and sealing. Every tooth has a prominent component which includes enamel, dentin and pulp.
What can lead to a root canal treatment?
- Physical injuries: This occurs owing to a cracked tooth, excessive biting force, a traumatic injury or fractured tooth.
- Chemical injuries: These injuries occur as a result of erosive lesions or caries
- Mechanical injuries: They result from abrasion owing to wear and tear of the tooth, attrition of enamel and weakening of tooth or periodontal lesion.
What are the symptoms you will experience?
- Throbbing pain when consuming sweet foods or drinking hot and cold beverages.
- Periodontal abscess that results in swelling of your gums.
- Infection which occurs in the form of swellings in the mouth or abscess with pus discharge from the sinus tract.
Advantages of a Root Canal Treatment
- Save the tooth which will otherwise go for extraction.
- Restoring the normal functioning of the tooth.
- Keeping the surrounding areas containing vital tissues intact.
Delayed treatment can cause:
- Harsh discomfort and pain
- Loss of tooth
Is the Root Canal Treatment painful?
Root canal treatment procedures are relatively comfortable and often painless as the tooth is anaesthetised during treatment. After treatment, the tooth may be sensitive or tender for a few days due to inflammation of the surrounding tissues. This discomfort can be relieved by taking mild analgesics or painkillers available over the counter at the pharmacy. However, if the pain persists and is severe, or a swelling occurs, you should contact your dentist.
Post and Core
Although not required in every case, post & core is a treatment that is sometimes required on a root canal tooth. This is especially true if there is an insufficiency of tooth structure present. In this scenario, after removing the root canal filling, a post is inserted up to 2/3 length of the root. Once this is complete, a filling is done over this.
Why do you need a post and core?
- You want to safeguard the tooth from any fracture
- You want to prolong the longevity of the restoration
- Heavy occlusal forces are involved
- You want to enhance the prognosis and function of tooth restoration and crown
- A weak tooth structure is involved.
- To offer anchorage to coronal restoration and crown
How do we select a post and core?
- Metal post: This is hardly ever used today owing to improper esthetic and size.
- Fabricated fiber post: This has a better aesthetic, enhanced tensile strength and possesses good adhesion with root dentin.
An experienced professional makes it a point to offer you a detailed idea of the root canal cost prior to beginning the procedure.