First of all, you should be aware of the issues that involve your oral health. Extracting a wisdom tooth is a part of oral health. Most probably all you know about the wisdom teeth is that they need to be extracted, but you might not know why you need a wisdom tooth extraction.
Our ancestor survived on a diet that included rough twigs, bark and nuts that required a lot of chewing power. With the advent of processed foods, we no longer need that chewing power, so wisdom teeth no longer serve a practical purpose. As we evolved, our jaws have gotten smaller, which means that there is less space in our mouths to accommodate a third set of molars. Wisdom teeth commonly crowd surrounding teeth and make the brushing and flossing more difficult.
Well, now you know why you don’t need wisdom teeth and that they cause more problem than they solve.
You can expect crowding if your jaw is too small for wisdom teeth. And if there is crowding, your wisdom teeth will be unable to emerge from the gums and potentially harm the adjacent bone or teeth. Worst case scenario is when your wisdom teeth come in at a crooked angle because then they can damage teeth, harm the jaw, and cause bite problems. All of this will lead to more orthodontic treatment.
There are greater chances of developing a bacterial infection when a wisdom tooth isn't fully erupted.
Typically, a wisdom tooth extraction process is performed by a dentist. Gum tissue extraction site may need to be opened if your wisdom tooth is already impacted and in some cases, the wisdom tooth may need to be cut into sections to be removed. After the extraction of the tooth, the extraction site may need to be stitched, to help its healing. But before doing all that you will be given appropriate anaesthetic and then your wisdom tooth will be gently removed.
Because the wisdom tooth extraction is performed under general or local anaesthesia, you would not experience any pain during the surgery. However, after surgery, like many other people you might experience some pain. The amount of discomfort depends on your tolerance for discomfort.
After the wisdom tooth extraction, the recovery period usually lasts for a few days. It is always suggested to rest to encourage healing and take the pain medication as prescribed. You can expect some bleeding at the extraction site, which can be controlled by gently biting on gauze pads or a teabag. If the bleeding is heavy and doesn't stop then you should call the dentist.
You can also rinse the mouth with warm salt water a few times a day, which can help in alleviating the discomfort. And it is better to eat soft foods for the first few days after the wisdom tooth extraction. You should also take care when brushing your teeth or putting anything in your mouth until your wisdom tooth is completely healed.
Wisdom tooth extraction is a common procedure, and it can also prevent future dental and orthodontic problems.