Wisdom Tooth Pain-Causes, Symptoms, Prevention And Treatment

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December 5, 2020

Wisdom Tooth Pain-Causes, Symptoms, Prevention And Treatment

Wisdom Tooth Pain

Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to erupt in your mouth between 16- 21 years of age. They grow at the very back of a person’s mouth. There are normally four wisdom teeth in total, with one in each of the last corners of the top and bottom gums.

CAUSES


Often, there is often no room for the wisdom teeth in a person’s mouth, as the adult teeth have already developed. This lack of space may cause wisdom teeth to come through at an angle, or getting stuck and not come through fully, hence becoming impacted.
An impacted wisdom tooth may partially emerge so that some of the crown is visible (partially impacted), or it may never break through the gums (fully impacted). Whether partially or fully impacted, the tooth may:
  • Grow at an angle toward the next tooth (second molar)
  • Grow at an angle toward the back of the mouth
  • Grow at a right angle to the other teeth, as if the wisdom tooth is "lying down" within the jawbone
  • Grow straight up or down like other teeth but stay trapped within the jawbone

SYMPTOMS


When this happens, the wisdom teeth are impacted. Impacted wisdom teeth don't always cause symptoms. But sometimes, having impacted wisdom teeth leaves the gums vulnerable, as the surface breaks and the teeth are not fully through. Food and bacteria can get trapped in the gums and lead to several issues, including:
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Tender or bleeding gums
  • Jaw pain radiating to ear
  • Swelling around the jaw
  • Bad breath
  • An unpleasant taste in your mouth
  • Difficulty opening your mouth

COMPLICATIONS


Impacted wisdom teeth can cause several problems in the mouth:
  • Damage to other teeth. If the wisdom tooth pushes against the second molar, it may damage the second molar or increase the risk of infection in that area.
  • Cysts. The wisdom tooth develops in a sac within the jawbone. The sac can fill with fluid, forming a cyst that can damage the jawbone, teeth and nerves.
  • Decay. Partially impacted wisdom teeth appear to be at higher risk of tooth decay (caries) than other teeth. This probably occurs because wisdom teeth are harder to clean and because food and bacteria get easily trapped between the gum and a partially erupted tooth.
  • Gum disease. The difficulty cleaning impacted, partially erupted wisdom teeth increases the risk of developing a painful, inflammatory gum condition called pericoronitis in that area.